Economic Development (2225-02-102-00/11-04) :
The economic development programs include staff cost of ITDAs, and Grants-in-Aidunder State Plan as well as Special Central Assistance for developmental activities.The staff programs include administrative management of certain office staff of ITDAs, Agricultural demonstration units, HNTCs in the ITDAs and monitoring units in the ITDAs.The developmental projects include:
(a) Economic Support Schemes :
Under this financial assistance is given to ST families below poverty line for taking up economic support activities.The action plan for these programs is approved by Govt of Telangana, Tribal Welfare Department as proposed by Scheduled Tribes Cooperative Finance Corporation Limited (TRICOR), Hyderabad TRICOR reviews the implementation from time to time.The implementation of the programs is as per the procedure laid down under new policy as per the orders issued vide G.O. 101, dt: 31.12.2013 enhancing subsidy to 60% of the Unit Cost subject to maximum of Rs.1.00 lakh and also issued operational guidelines in G.O. Ms.No. 1, TW (LTR) Department, dated 22-1-2005 administered through the online beneficiary monitoring system (OBMMS) maintained by CGG. (5362) Units sanctioned in financial year 2013-14 were re-validated by the Govt of Telangana with subsidy of Rs. 28.23 Cr. in the year 2014-15 vide G.O.R.T. No.165, dt. 16-12-2014. Out of which (3830) units have been grounded with subsidy of Rs. 21.47 Cr. through OBMMS. During 2015-16 Rs. 38.05 Cr. under Normal State Plan and Rs. 5.72 Cr. under Non Plan is allocated for the above scheme.
Financial Assistance to PSUs, (2225-02-190-00/11-04 & 05):
There are (2) PSUs functioning under the control of Tribal Welfare Department.During 2015-16 Rs. 26.62 Cr. is proposed for financial assistance to PSUs under Non Plan.Their activities are explained briefly hereunder :
Girijan Co-operative Corporation (GCC) undertakes procurement of minor forest produce (MFP) and agriculture produce from tribals at remunerative prices,undertakes public distribution in remote tribal areas, provides seasonal agricultural credit to ST farmers. The GCC is having (381) Regular, (106) Contract & Outsourcing employees with a network of (1) regional office, (3) divisional offices & (2) New Divisions, (18) GPCMS and (4) New GPCMS (200) new DR depots. During 2013-14,the turnover of the Corporation was Rs.115.00 Cr. an during 2014-15 it was Rs.84.00 Cr. (upto January 2015). GCC is also focusing on establishing MFP value addition units a part from training to tribals, regeneration of NTFP, R&D initiatives and exporting.During 2015-16, Rs. 1.81 Cr. is allocated as financial assistance to GCC under Normal State Plan.
The Telangana Scheduled Tribes Cooperative Finance Corporation Limited,Hyderabad (TRICOR) with headquarters at Hyderabad, and its areas of operation extends over the entire State of Telangana. In the A.P Re –Organization Act, TRICOR is included in Schedule IX and the bifurcation of TRICOR as two entities for the two States is in progress. It is monitoring all the economic support schemes implemented for the STs including development of PvTGs under CCDP with the support from Government under State Plan and CASPS and also coordinating with other departments like Rural Development, Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Industries, etc.,for economic development of ST families below poverty line.
(c) TRIPCO :
As lot of potential is available in the tribal areas, there is need to establish Hydel/Solar/Wind Power projects to explore the feasibility of harnessing the Hydel/Solar/Bio-mass/Wind energy. Hence, Telangana State Tribal Power Company Limited (TRIPCO) is being established.
Mini Hydel power projects can be installed on natural streams, waterfalls, rivers.Canal drops and dam toes.
Solar power projects feasibility in Adilbad, Karimnagar, Warangal, Mahabubnagar, Khammam, Nalagonda.The power projects are to be entrusted to the local tribalwomen organizations as owners for management.In accordance with Govt.Orders relating to Project committee /VO/SHGs/MMS profits from such project will accrue to the local tribal for developing local tribal areas.
(d) TRIMCO :
The company will be established to take up mining activities with active participation of tribal mining Co-operative Societies.There is availability of mines and minerals in Telangana State.Telangana State Tribal Mining Company Limited (TRIMCO) will make all efforts to identify new viable mineral deposits,file lease applications to mine through Tribal Mining cooperative Societies (TMCSs).Training will also be imparted to tribals in the art of gem cutting, polishing etc.,
Skill upgradation for Formal and Self Employment (222-02-102-11-17) :
Government has sanctioned a Tribal Skill Sub Mission exclusively for taking up skill up gradation training & placement (G.O Ms. No. 63, PR & RD (1) Dept. dt: 13.03.2012). The scheme is intended to provide support to take up skill up gradation for tribal youth as one of the Sub Mission under RYK for sustainable formal and self-employment. During 2014-15, (5348) ST youth were trained & 4824 ST youth were placed.During 2015-16, Rs.0.84 Cr. is allocated towards staff support for implementation of this program.
ITDA for STs in Plain areas (2225-02-102-11-07):
Government sanctioned an ITDA with headquarters at Hyderabad to cater to thedevelopmental of needs of STs living in plain areas. As per A.P. Re-organisation Act, 2014 and G.O.Ms. No. 57, TW (SER.1.2) department dated 31-05-2014 of the combined state of A.P. orders were issued for the division of ITDA for development of STs in plain areas and formation of ITDA for development of STs in plain areas for Telangana State. A detailed project report was prepared through NABARD Consultancy Service (P) Ltd. (NABCONS), Hyderabad. NABCONS, in its report, recommended to take up programs such as road connectivity, drinking water supply, Horticulture, Indira Kranti Patham etc. for STs in plain areas.Based on the study and subsequent survey, requirements of ST habitations have been worked out. Various works such as Roads, Drinking Water, Education and Health buildings are being taken up. During 2015-16, Rs.2.24 Cr. is allocated for this purpose.
Repayment of NSTFDC Loans (6225-02-190-11-08) :
An amount of Rs.4.23 Cr. is allocated towards repayment of loans given by NSTFDC to ST beneficiaries in the State.
Constructions of Buildings for Ashram Schools for ST girls / boys in Naxal affected areas with Additional Central Assistance (ACA), (4225-02-277-11-82):
The objective of the scheme is construction of buildings (new/ additional accommodation) to Integrated Hostels,Post-Matric Hostels and Ashram Schools which are in private accommodation. In this scheme (42) works are taken up.During 2015-16, Rs.1.95 Cr. is allocated for this purpose.
Construction of Buildings for School Complexes (4225-02-277-11-75):
The objective of the scheme is to provide dormitories, post matric hostels, staff quarters in Ashram Schools and improvement of PMRC buildings in ITDAs. (299) works are taken up at a cost of Rs. 131.48 Cr. out of which (143) works are completed so far and remaining (156) are in progress. During 2015-16, Rs.80.00 Cr. is allocated for implementation of the scheme and also to meet the cost on Work Charged Establishment.
Residential Jr. Colleges for Girls in RIAD areas (4225-02-277-11-79) :
This scheme is intended to provide quality education to ST girl students through residential junior colleges in the uncovered areas.(2) Works are taken up and are in progress. During 2015-16 an amount of Rs.0.75 Cr. is allocated for this scheme.
Construction of High Schools in RIAD areas (4225-02-277-07-73):
The scheme is intended to provide additional accommodation to (1) girls high schools in the RIAD areas in Warangal. During 2015-16, Rs.0.75 Cr. is allocated for spill over expenditure.
Construction of High Schools in RIAD areas (4225-02-277-07-73):
The scheme is intended to provide additional accommodation to (1) girls high schools inthe RIAD areas in Warangal.During 2015-16, Rs.0.75 Cr. is allocated for spill over expenditure.
Hostel buildings to (3) degree colleges in RIAD areas (4225-02-277-11-77):
The scheme is intended to provide hostel buildings for Post-Matric ST students studying in (3) degree colleges in the RIAD areas. Each degree college will have (1) boys hostel and (1) girls hostel. During 2015-16, Rs.0.56 Cr. is allocated for the above scheme.
The objective of the scheme is to develop infrastructure facilities in tribal areas with assistance from NABARD by taking up BT roads, Infrastructure for Ashram Schools & Mini Hydel Power Projects etc.
(a) Construction of Roads (4225-02-800-07-76) :
The objective of the scheme is to provide road connectivity in tribal areas with financial assistance from NABARD.During 2014-15, (27) no. of roads including spill over works with an estimated cost of Rs.43.92 Cr. were taken up. So far (23) roads are completed incurring an expenditure of Rs. 32.12 Cr. and (4) works are in progress.During 2015-16, it is proposed to complete all works and Rs. 18.67 Cr. is allocated for this purpose
(b) Buildings for Integrated Residential Schools (4225-02-800-07-77) :
The objective of this scheme is to provide additional infrastructure for ashram high schools and residential schools in tribal areas with financial assistance from NABARD, Trench XVIII and XIX. During 2014-15 (108) works were taken up, (30) are completed and remaining (78) are in progress.During 2015-16, Rs.50.60 Cr. is allocated for this scheme.
(c) Construction of Godowns / Storage Points (4225-02-800-07-80):
This scheme is provided to construct (12) Godowns / Storage Points for GCC, out of which (8) works are completed, (2) are in progress and (2) works are not taken up. An amount of Rs.1.27 Cr. is allocated during 2015-16.
(d) Constructions of Ashram Schools (4225-02-800-07-10) :
Objective of the scheme is to provide Govt. buildings with all facilities for ST boarders studying in Ashram Schools. During 2015-16 an amount of Rs. 38.81 Cr. is allocated for this purpose.
Medaram Jatara (4225-02-800-11-05):
Certain works are proposed in order to enable and facilitate the tribal pilgrims visiting Medaram Jatara held once in 2 years at Medaram, Warangal District. It was held in 2014 and there are spill over works.During 2015-16 Rs. 0.94 Cr. is allocated for the above purpose.
Educational Infrastructure (4225-02-277-11-83):
This Scheme is intended to provide YTCs, ATWO Offices, Staff Quarter for Education Institutions etc.,In this scheme (78) works are taken up out of which (38) have been completed and (40) are in progress.During 2015-16, Rs.27.00 Cr. is allocated under the scheme.
Roads maintenance (13th Finance Commission Grants) (3054-04-800-20):
The objective of the scheme is to provide annual maintenance support to roads already taken up in tribal areas. (11) works were taken up with an estimated cost of Rs.3.77 Cr. (10) works completed with an expenditure of Rs.2.72 Cr. (1) work is in progress.During 2015-16, Rs. 2.00 Cr. is provided for this scheme.
Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006 (2225-02-102-11-08) :
Government of India has enacted the STs and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (RoFR)Act, 2006. The rules for operationalising the act have come into effect from 1-1-2008.Under this Act, the forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes would be granted legal rights for the lands in their possession up to the extent of 10 acres per family. Similarly, the tirbals would be vested with the rights of collecting minor forest produce,grazing their livestock,establishing their homes and hearthes in their natural habitat. Government accorded highest priority to recognize, register and vest the rights of forest resources in favour of STs living in and around forest areas. Total number of claims received were (231368) covering (837675) acres of land. So far (94278) titles have been granted covering (305977) acres of land (as on January, 2015). During 2015-16, Rs.3.92 Cr. is allocated for implementing the phase-II programme of the scheme.
Monetry Relief and Legal Aid (2225-02-800-00/11-10):
There are a few other schemes such as providing monetary relief and legal aid to the ST victims of atrocities. During 2015-16, Rs. 0.03 Cr. under Normal State Plan while Rs. 0.04 Cr. under Non Plan is allocated for the above purpose.
Promotion of Inter-Caste Marriages (2225-02-800-11-09):
An incentive for promotion of Inter-Caste marriages is provided to all eligible couples @ Rs.50,000/- each. During 2015-16, Rs.0.07 Cr. is allocated for the above purpose.
Health Schemes (2225-02-282-04 & 05)
Department is implementing schemes related to Tribal Health, which includes provision for referral fund for referring patients from tribal areas to referral hospitals. During 2015-16, Rs. 0.95 Cr. is allocated for staff maintainance and administrative cost
Schemes Under CASPS (Centrally Assisted State Plan Schemes)
Schemes under Article 275 (i) (2225-02-102-12-06):
Under Article 275 (i) of the Constitution of India, Government of India releases Grantsin-Aid to State Plan for development of Scheduled Tribes or Scheduled Areas.These grants are being utilized to bridge critical gaps in infrastructure by taking up infrastructure development facilities and continuation of (7) Ekalavaya Model Residential Schools (EMRS).The infrastructure works include strengthening of the office complexes and staff quarters of (3) ITDAs and construction of GCC DR depots etc. During 2015-16, Rs. 37.09 Cr. is allocated to take up infrastructure facilities and continuation of EMRS.
SCA to Tribal Sub Plan (2225-02-102-12-05):
The economic development programs include staff cost of ITDAs, and Grants-in-Aid under State Plan as well as Special Central Assistance for developmental activities. Thestaff programs include administrative management of certain office staff of ITDAs, Agricultural demonstration units, HNTCs in the ITDAs and monitoring units in the ITDAs. Under this financial assistance is given to ST families below poverty line for taking up economic support activities.
Conservation-cum-Development Plans (CCDP) of PvTGs:
Government of India has approved Conservation Cum Development Plan for the development of PvTGs for a period of (5) years starting from 2012-13. Under this, schemes such as habitation development through infrastructure works like multipurpose buildings, internal CC roads and drains, street lights, corpus funds for SHGs for livelihood interventions, drinking water, strengthening of nutritional service delivery by constructing buildings for DR deports and Anganwadi centers etc., have been taken up. During 2015-16, Rs.55.00 Cr. is allocated for the above purpose.
Umbrella Scheme for Education of ST students (2225-02-277-12-05) :
New scheme in the name of Umbrella scheme has been introduced from the year 2014-15 by Govt of India and all the earlier schemes of Centrally Sponsored Schemes of education have been brought under this.The BE allocated is Rs. 50.00 Cr. for the year 2015-16.
FAST – (MTF) under CASPS (2225-02-277-12-08) :
Objective of the scheme to provide financial assistance in the form of scholorships and stipends to STs pursuring higher education. The BE allocated is Rs. 20.00 Cr. for the year 2015-16.
Tribal Sub Plan of Other Departments (NSP) :
In order to bring socio economic indices of STs at par with general population, the Govt. of India has formulated the TSP strategy wherein proportionate percentage (w.r.t. ST population) of the financial allocations of the state plan budget are to be earmarked as Tribal Sub Plan funds. Accordingly, in Telangana the same approach has been adopted and as against 9.34% of ST population the allocations were made to a tune of 9.61% of total state plan budget as TSP budget. The TSP allocations were made across 36 line departments amounting to Rs. 5035.68 Cr. out of which Rs. 1735.57 Cr. under Normal State Plan of other departments has been allocated to Tribal Welfare Department to implement the schemes.